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# ASL: Lesson 4:

Lesson Objectives:
___ I can give an example of at least one NMM.
___ I can demonstrate a few iconic signs. (
Iconicity of Signs)
___ I can change the meaning of signs by modifying the way I sign them. (
Inflection)
___ I know my numbers
from 20-30.
___ I can give at least one example of "reversal of orientation for negation"
___ I can define the term "classifier."
___ I can give at least one example of a "
Classifier: V"
___ I am able to recognize and sign the practice sentences and story for this lesson
___ I have taken the Lesson 4 Quiz
___ I have taken the general practice quiz for this lesson.  See: PRACTICE QUIZZES

Vocabulary:
ANGRY
AUNT
BABY
BED
BEDROOM
BRUSH-TEETH
CRY
DAUGHTER
don't-WANT
EXCUSE-[forgive / variation: lay-off / pardon]
FEEL
FRIEND
HAPPY
HELP
HURT [pain, injury]
IF
IDEA-[variation:  SUPPOSE, if]
LOVE
ROOM-[box]
SON
SORRY-[apologize, regret]
STOP
SUPPOSE
UNCLE
WASH

Also see: CL:V-[stand, walk-to, lie down, toss-and-turn, dive, jump, get up]

Review: WANT-[L03]

Practice Sheet: 4.A
01.  YOU FEEL HAPPY?
02.  UNCLE, YOU HOW-MANY?

Practice Sheet: 4.B
06.  I NEED BRUSH-TEETH?

Practice Sheet: 4.C

Practice Sheet: 4.D

Extra Sentences:

CITY YOU WORK? (IN WHAT CITY DO YOU WORK?)
HOW YOU SIGN A-S-K--T-O? (HOW DO YOU SIGN ASK-TO?)
HOW YOU SIGN H-E-A-R-I-N-G? (HOW DO YOU SIGN HEARING?)
LEARN SIGN YOU WANT STOP YOU ? (DO YOU WANT TO STOP LEARNING SIGN LANGUAGE?)
MARRIED YOU? (ARE YOU MARRIED?)

MY NAME BILL. WHO YOU? (MY NAME IS BILL. WHO ARE YOU?)
NICE-TO-MEET YOU. (IT'S NICE TO MEET YOU.)
SMALL CITY, YOU LIKE? (DO YOU LIKE SMALL CITIES?)
STUDENTS HERE, YOU LIKE ALL? (DO YOU LIKE ALL OF THE STUDENTS HERE?)
THIS CITY, YOU THINK NICE? (DO YOU THINK THIS CITY IS NICE?)

WANT YOU-MEET MY MOM YOU? (DO YOU WANT TO MEET MY MOTHER?)
YOU LIVE WHERE? (WHERE DO YOU LIVE?)
YOU FROM HERE? (ARE YOU FROM HERE?)
YOU LIKE [HE/SHE] TEACHER? (DO YOU LIKE THE TEACHER?)
YOU LIKE BIG CITY? (DO YOU LIKE BIG CITIES?)

YOU LIKE COME+ HERE? (DO YOU LIKE COMING HERE?)
YOU LIKE GO WORK? (DO YOU LIKE GOING TO WORK?)
YOU LIKE SHE? [POINT AT A STUDENT] (DO YOU LIKE HER?)
YOU SINGLE YOU? (ARE YOU SINGLE?)

Note: Lesson update:  Previously there was a sentence: YOU FEEL HAPPY WHEN? -- but the sign WHEN isn't introduced until Lesson 6.  So for now just sign: YOU FEEL HAPPY?

### Story 4

"MY AUNT WANT DIVORCE-[version-1]. UNCLE HE-[index on the right] LOVE HER-[index on the left]. not-WANT DIVORCE-[version-2]. HE SAD, ANGRY, HURT-(over heart). GO BEDROOM V-hand-"toss and turn" CRY, CRY. he-ASK-[far-right] FRIEND HELP-him-[uncle]. FRIEND HIS IDEA, IF UNCLE WANT HAPPY, WANT STOP FEEL SAD HE NEED go-MEET HIS WIFE APOLOGIZE ASK-[formal] FORGIVE."

My aunt wants a divorce.  Uncle loves her. Doesn't want a divorce. He is sad, angry, heartbroken. He goes to his bedroom and cries. He asked a friend to help him.  The friend's idea was that if uncle wants to be happy and stop feeling sad he should go to his wife, apologize and ask for forgiveness.

01. MY AUNT WANT DIVORCE-[version-1].
02. UNCLE HE-[index on the right] LOVE HER-[index on the left].
03. not-WANT DIVORCE-[version-2].
04. HE SAD, ANGRY, HURT-(over heart).
05. GO BEDROOM V-hand-"toss and turn" CRY, CRY.
07. FRIEND HIS IDEA,
08. IF UNCLE WANT HAPPY,
10. HE NEED go-MEET HIS WIFE

My aunt wants a divorce.
Uncle loves her.
Doesn't want a divorce.
He goes to his bedroom and cries.
He asked a friend to help him.
The friend's idea was that
if uncle wants to be happy
he should go to his wife,

Notes and tips:

HOW-MANY:  The sign "HOW-MANY" doesn't need to use the sign "HOW." You can save yourself effort by just doing a short upward movement and furrowing your eyebrows.

HOW-MANY uses a furrowed brow and moves upward. The sign "MANY" uses a "nod of the head" and moves a bit forward. These are three different signs:  HOW / MANY / HOW-MANY

EXCUSE: The sign EXCUSE can be used to mean "forgive."

Facial Expressions: use plenty of facial expressions for yes/no type questions (eyebrows up) and wh-type questions (eyebrows down).

Rookie mistake: Signing ASK-to when you meant NEED.

See: NEED: https://youtu.be/Eo-vEE1gFxM

The sign NEED starts as and stays an "X" hand. The movement is mostly a bend of the wrist.

The sign NEED should not look like the sign ASK-to.

The sign ASK-to starts as an index finger (or "1" handshape) and changes into an "X" hand. The movement is mostly in the elbow and shoulder with little or no bending of the wrist.

Rookie mistake:  Using X-hands for the sign "LARGE / big"  The sign LARGE / big tends to use "claw-L" handshapes.  The thumb should be extended. The thumb can be either straight or bent but it should not be touching the middle finger. See: https://youtu.be/LLGY5yaSLDk

Rookie mistake:  Signing ENJOY when you mean HAPPY.

See: HAPPY: https://youtu.be/ZXHHO_DY6_A

Plus be aware that HAPPY has a common one-handed version ( https://youtu.be/SHc7_8aD9Rw ), also some people sign HAPPY at the upper chest location ( https://youtu.be/MlnnmyrKpg0 ).
ENJOY: https://youtu.be/Uo_AUbP0O9g

Question from a student:  When I make a mistake while signing, how should I handle it?  Do I "erase" it?

Answer: No. Don't do some wild erasing movement. Just shake your head a bit and redo the sign correctly.

Question from a student:  I was told when you communicate with a Deaf person you shouldn't focus on their hands but instead you should focus on their face. Is that true?

Answer:  Yes, that is true.  By watching the face of your signing partner you can pick up on the facial grammar and (if they are mouthing) read their lips for clues (mouth morphemes) as to what is being signed. As a beginner you aren't used to using your peripheral vision to read signs but as you become more familiar with ASL vocabulary it will be easier to recognize (through your peripheral vision) what signs are happening on the hands while you stay more or less focused on the person's face. Note: I'm not saying you should mouth English while signing ASL. (You shouldn't.)  I'm saying that many Deaf mouth an occasional word or part of a word. If you are staring at our hands you will miss the eyebrow raises that indicate "yes/no" or rhetorical questions, the eyebrow furrows that indicate "WH"-type questions, and the occasional mouth morphemes (small parts of language that have meaning).  For example, putting your tongue over your bottom teeth and opening your mouth slightly while signing "LATE" turns it into "not-YET."

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Curriculum revisions: