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ASL: Lesson 15:

___ I understand the concept of Facial Grammar
___ I can provide an example of a Multiple meaning sign
___ I know a bit about Navigating a Deaf environment
___ I am familiar with the "AGENT" sign
___ I have taken the Lesson 15 Quiz
___ I have taken the general practice quiz for this lesson.  See: PRACTICE QUIZZES

MAJOR-[profession, main, line of work]
POLICE-[cop, sheriff]
PRINTER-[print, publish, newspaper]
SELF-[think-self, myself, yourself, himself, themselves, who-is, his-own, your-own]
WAITER/WAITRESS-[serve, servant]


Classifier: 1

Practice sheet 15.A
01. YOUR MAJOR WHAT?  (What are you majoring in?)
02. YOUR TEACHER HAVE AIDE?  (Does you teacher have an aide?)
03. YOU USE BABYSITTER?  (Do you use a babysitter?)
04. YOUR BOSS NAME?  (What is your boss's name?)
05. YOU LIKE COOK?  (Do you like to cook?)

Practice sheet 15.B
06. YOUR GRANDPA FARMER?  (Is your grandpa a farmer? / Was your grandpa a farmer?)
07. PAST-[long-ago] YOURSELF LITTLE-GIRL/BOY WANT GROW-UP FUTURE DO-what?  (When you were a little girl/boy what did you want to be?)
08. SUPPOSE YOUR DAD DIVORCE, MARRY NEW WOMAN, SHE YOUR WHAT? (If your dad were divorced and re-married, what relationship would the new wife be to you?)
09. YOUR FAMILY ANY LIBRARY+PERSON? (Is anyone in your family a librarian?)
10. YOUR NEIGHBOR NAME, WHAT? (What is your neighbor's name?)

Practice sheet 15.C
11. PICTURE YOUR FAMILY YOU HAVE?  (Do you have a picture of your family?)
12. U-S, PRESIDENT, WHO?  (Who is president of the United States?)
13. STEPFATHER, what-MEANING?  (What does the sign "stepfather" mean?)
14. BROTHER-IN-LAW YOU HAVE, HOW-MANY? (How-many brothers-in-law do you have?)
15. WAITRESS, YOU SHOULD TIP HOW-MUCH? (How much should you tip a waitress?)

Practice sheet 15.D
16. NEWSPAPER, YOU LIKE READ? (Do you like to read the newspaper?)
17. COMPUTER PROGRAM YOU USE, WHICH? (Which computer program or programs do you use?)
18. YOU WISH YOURSELF HAVE SECRETARY (Do you wish you had your own secretary?)
19. HOW SIGN S-C-I-E-N-T-I-S-T? (What is the sign for "scientist?")
20. POLICE he/she-HELP-you BEFORE HOW?  (How have you been helped by a police officer?)

Lesson 15 Story:
MY STEPFATHER PRESIDENT HIMSELF COMPANY-(#C-O) SMALL, SELL COMPUTER PROGRAM. MOM HERSELF-(sign toward the left side) PROGRAMMER. SHE-(mom) WRITE. HE-(dad) SELL. THEY-TWO WORK TOGETHER SEVEN-YEARS, GOOD! I TWO BROTHER, ONE STEP-SISTER  ("THIS ONE"- tap the tip of the non-dominant palm-back, sideways four-hand index finger) BROTHER, FIREMAN. ("THIS ONE"- tap the tip of the non-dominant four hand middle finger), BROTHER, POLICEMAN. (This one: ME (Tap the tip of the left ring finger on the left "four hand" held horizontally) ME SCIENTIST. ("THIS ONE"-tap the tip of the non-dominant four hand pinkie finger) STEP-SISTER LIBRARIAN.

My stepdad is the president of his own small company that sells computer programs.  Mom is a programmer. She writes. He sells.  The two of them have worked together for 7 years. Good eh!  I have two brothers and one step-sister.  The first of four children, my oldest brother, is a fireman.  The second born (my other brother) is a cop.  I'm the third oldest and I'm a scientist.  My younger step-sister is a librarian.

Facial Grammar:
Consider the sentence: "YOUR BOSS NAME?" signed with furrowed eyebrows at the end.
In English this might be translated as, "What is your boss's name?"

This sentence requires an answer beyond “yes/no.” It expects a “name.” It is not a “yes no” question.  It is a "wh"-question because it implies the “WH” as in “What” is your bosses name? Even though we don’t sign the “What” explicitly, it is there in our facial expression. The facial expression for a "Wh" question is to furrow your eyebrows a bit.

The sentence: "YOU LIKE COOK?" signed with raised eyebrows.
Do you like to cook?
This sentence requires a "yes/no" answer. The concept of "do" is not "signed" but is expressed via facial expressions as raised eyebrows. The head tilts forward just a tad.

Multi-meaning signs
Many signs have multiple meanings.  Plus the meanings of signs can change over time.  The sign we label (or gloss) as "PRINT" can mean:
1. A
machine for printing text or pictures onto paper, especially one linked to a computer. (Lexico)
2. To publish (generally uses a single movement)
3. To write something (using a pen or pencil) clearly without joining the letters (Lexico)
4. A newspaper (generally uses a double movement)

As time and technology progress, the sign PRINT took on yet another new meaning wherein we show the number 3 and the letter "D" and then the sign PRINT to refer to a "3D printer." It is likely that the "3D" portion of the sign "3D-PRINTER" will be dropped and "printing" of objects will become the normal use of a printer (since society will become more and more paperless). 

If you are discussing Deaf History and talking about a person who worked as a printer you should add the non-initialized "PERSON" sign to the PRINT sign to create the meaning of "printer" (as in a person who operates printing or publishing equipment).  

Navigating a Deaf environment:
If two Deaf people chatting in the hall and you need get through--just walk through DON’T hesitate at all.  If you slow down or hesitate it will be more distracting than if you just keep going.  Of course, use common sense, if the passageway is narrow you might need to slow down just to avoid tripping, but the point is that you don't become a distraction.  You don't need to sign "excuse me."  Don't duck.  Just walk through at a steady pace.

Signing notes:
TALK-WITH can be used to mean "interview." Some people initialize the sign with "i" handshapes but if there is enough context you don't need to initialize the sign with a letter handshape.  It is also the basis of several other signs such as "COMMUNICATION."

For a practice quiz, visit:  Lesson 15 Practice Quiz
Check with your instructor or your syllabus regarding any graded quizzes for this lesson.


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