___ I can give an example of at
___ I can demonstrate a few
iconic signs. (Iconicity of Signs)
___ I can change the meaning
of signs by modifying the way I sign them. (Inflection)
___ I know my numbers from
I can give at least one example of "reversal
of orientation for negation"
___ I can define the term
___ I can give at least one
example of a "Classifier: V"
___ I am able to recognize and
sign the practice sentences and story for this lesson
___ I have taken the
___ I have taken the general practice quiz for this
___ I am done with Lesson 4
EXCUSE-[forgive / variation:
lay-off / pardon]
HURT [pain, injury]
IDEA-[variation: SUPPOSE, if]
down, toss-and-turn, dive, jump,
Practice Sheet: 4.A
01. YOU FEEL HAPPY WHEN?
02. UNCLE, HOW-MANY YOU? [L4]
FATHER, HOW-MANY SONS? [L4]
BEDROOM BIG? [L4]
Practice Sheet: 4.B
06. I NEED
WANT CRY? [L4]
BOY/GIRL-FRIEND NAME? [L4]
YOUR TEACHER HAVE DAUGHTER? [L4]
10. LEARN SIGN,
NEED HELP YOU? (Do you need help learning sign language?) [L4]
Practice Sheet: 4.C
YOU HURT WHERE?
IF-[suppose] TEACHER SPELL SLOW, YOU UNDERSTAND S/HE? [L4]
SAD WHY? [L4]
COME CLASS? [L4]
Practice Sheet: 4.D
STOP LEARN SIGN? [L4]
W-A-S-H how-SIGN? [L4]
YOUR EXCUSE WHAT?
AUNT YOU, HOW-MANY? [L4]
CITY YOU WORK? (IN WHAT CITY DO
HOW YOU SIGN A-S-K--T-O? (HOW DO YOU SIGN ASK-TO?)
HOW YOU SIGN H-E-A-R-I-N-G? (HOW DO YOU SIGN HEARING?)
LEARN SIGN YOU WANT STOP YOU ? (DO YOU WANT TO STOP LEARNING SIGN LANGUAGE?)
MARRIED YOU? (ARE YOU MARRIED?)
MY NAME BILL. WHO YOU? (MY NAME
IS BILL. WHO ARE YOU?)
NICE-TO-MEET YOU. (IT'S NICE TO MEET YOU.)
SMALL CITY, YOU LIKE? (DO YOU LIKE SMALL CITIES?)
STUDENTS HERE, YOU LIKE ALL? (DO YOU LIKE ALL OF THE STUDENTS HERE?)
THIS CITY, YOU THINK NICE? (DO YOU THINK THIS CITY IS NICE?)
WANT YOU-MEET MY MOM YOU? (DO YOU
WANT TO MEET MY MOTHER?)
WHERE LIVE YOU? (WHERE DO YOU LIVE?)
YOU FROM HERE? (ARE YOU FROM HERE?)
YOU LIKE [HE/SHE] TEACHER? (DO YOU LIKE THE TEACHER?)
YOU LIKE BIG CITY? (DO YOU LIKE BIG CITIES?)
YOU LIKE COME+ HERE? (DO YOU LIKE
YOU LIKE GO WORK? (DO YOU LIKE GOING TO WORK?)
YOU LIKE SHE? [POINT AT A STUDENT] (DO YOU LIKE HER?)
YOU SINGLE YOU? (ARE YOU SINGLE?)
YOUR NAME, SPELL? (HOW DO YOU SPELL YOUR NAME?)
MY AUNT UNCLE DIVORCE. AUNT SHE-[index on the right] LOVE HIM-[index
on the left]. not-WANT DIVORCE. SHE SAD, ANGRY, HURT-(over heart), GO BEDROOM CL:V-"lay down-toss and turn" CRY, CRY. she-ASK-me me-HELP-her FEEL BETTER. I HAPPY HELP-her. SHE good-FRIEND SHE. MY IDEA, SHE NEED FORGIVE HIM. STOP FEEL SORRY.
Note: The sign
EXCUSE can be used to mean "forgive."
Note: The sign “HOW-MANY” doesn’t use the sign “HOW.” Also,
“HOW-MANY” uses a furrowed brow and moves upward. The sign “MANY” uses a
“nod of the head” and moves a bit forward.
These are three different signs:
HOW / MANY /
Question from a student: When I make a
mistake while signing, how should I handle it? Do I "erase"
Answer: No. Don't do some wild erasing movement. Just shake
your head a bit and redo the sign correctly.
Question from a student: I was told when you
communicate with a Deaf person you shouldn't focus on their hands
but instead you should focus on their face. Is that true?
Answer: Yes, that is true. By watching the face
of your signing partner you can pick up on the facial grammar and
(if they are mouthing) read their lips for clues (mouth morphemes)
as to what is being signed. As a beginner you aren't used to using
your peripheral vision to read signs but as you become more familiar
with ASL vocabulary it will be easier to recognize (through your
peripheral vision) what signs are happening on the hands while you
stay more or less focused on the person's face. Note: I'm not
saying you should mouth English while signing ASL. (You shouldn't.)
I'm saying that many Deaf mouth an occasional word or part of a
word. If you are staring at our hands you will miss the eyebrow
raises that indicate "yes/no" or rhetorical questions, the eyebrow
furrows that indicate "WH"-type questions, and the occasional mouth
morphemes (small parts of language that have meaning). For
example, putting your tongue over your bottom teeth and opening your
mouth slightly while signing "LATE" turns it into "not-YET."