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American Sign Language: Lesson 46
For video demonstrations of the sentences see: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Lt_hhjk6QKw&list=PL6akqFwEeSpgI1uukfFiKLCIQzP4nd2yx
For a combined list of Level 4 sentences, see: Level 4 Sentences List]
Practice Sheet 46.A
01. $120 MINUS 98 CENTS EQUAL HOW-MUCH? *[$119.02]
02. MONEY, $3 PLUS $3.97 EQUAL HOW-MUCH? *[$6.97]
03. PUT-DOWN THIS PHONE NUMBER (435) 555-2034
04. ONE-MORE PHONE NUMBER (916) 555-4357
05. ONE LB GRAPE SUBTRACT 1/2 LB GRAPE LEAVES HOW-MANY?
Practice Sheet 46.B
06. THREE TIMES 1/2 LB BANANA EQUAL HOW-MANY?
07. EIGHT-CENT SUBTRACT 7-CENT EQUAL HOW-MANY?
08. 1/4 TSP SALT DIVIDE-by TWO EQUAL WHAT?
09. ONE DOLLAR DIVIDE-by TEN EQUAL WHAT?
10. FIVE-DOLLAR PLUS FIVE-DOLLAR EQUAL WHAT?
Practice Sheet 46.C
11. TWO-WEEKS SUBTRACT 3-DAY EQUAL WHAT?
12. TWENTY-FIVE-CENTS SUBTRACT 13-CENTS EQUAL WHAT?
13. EIGHT-MONTH PLUS FIVE-MONTH EQUAL HOW-MANY?
14. J-O-A-N-of-A-R-C LIVE WHICH CENTURY? [15th] [1412--1431]
15. YOUR TEACHER WEIGH HOW-MUCH?
Practice Sheet 46.D
16. SHOW-me THIS NUMBER 192,743.
17. YOUR GRANDPA BORN 1930's?
18. 2-WEEK-FUTURE SATURDAY YOU #BUSY?
19. YOUR MOM, how-OLD?
20. YOU WAKE-up what-TIME?
Practice Sheet 46.E
21. YOU MOVE-here WHEN?
22. YOU GRADUATE WHEN?
23. YOUR BIRTHDAY WHAT MONTH?
24. THANKSGIVING NOVEMBER WHICH WEEK?
25. THIS CLASS MEET HOW OFTEN?
$119.02 / $6.97 / (435) 901-2034 / (916) 555-4357 / ½ lb grapes / 1 ½ lb bananas / 1 cent / 1 dollar / 1/8th tsp salt / 10 cents / 10 dollars / 11 days / 12 cents / 12 days / 13 months / 14 hours / 14 seconds / 15th century / 16 inches / 187 pounds / 192,743 / 1930's / 2 days ago (day before yesterday) / 2 months / 2 weeks from now / 2,340 / 2:19 a.m. / 2:37 p.m. / 21st century / 25 cents / 27 feet high / 27 lbs. / 28 years old / 3 a.m. / 3 days ago / 3 hours / 3 years ago / 300 miles / 37 dollars / 4 days / 5' 7" / 5 cents / 5 dollars / 6 weeks / 63 cents / 7 cents / 7 minutes / 7 years old / 8:30 a.m. / 86 feet high / 9 dollars / 9 weeks ago / Every-2-years / Every-month / Every-three-months / Every-week / Every-year / In-2-years / In-7-years / In-his-her-fifties / Last-month / Last-week / Last-year / Midnight / Next month / Next week / Next year / Year-1997 / Year-2011 / Zip-84302 / Jan / Feb / March / April / May / June / July / Aug / Sept / Oct / Nov / Dec / first-two-weeks-of-the-month / third-week-of-the-month
#BUSY | $120 | $3 | $3.97 | $119.02 | $6.97 | 1412--1431 | 15th | 1/2 | 1/4 | 13-CENTS | 192,743. | 1930's | 2-WEEK-FUTURE | 3-DAY | 555-2034 | 555-4357 | 7-CENT | 98 | BANANA | BIRTHDAY | BORN | CENTS | CENTURY | CLASS | DIVIDE-by | DOLLAR | EIGHT-CENT | EIGHT-MONTH | EQUAL | FIVE-MONTH | GRADUATE | GRANDPA | GRAPE | HOW | HOW-MANY | HOW-MUCH | how-OLD | LB | LEAVES | LIVE | MEET | MINUS | MOM | MONEY | MONTH | MOVE-here | NOVEMBER | NUMBER | OFTEN | ONE-MORE | PHONE | PLUS | PUT-DOWN | SALT | SATURDAY | SHOW-me | SUBTRACT | TEACHER | TEN | THANKSGIVING | THIS | TIMES | TSP | TWENTY-FIVE-CENTS | TWO-WEEKS | WAKE-up | WEEK | WEIGH | WHAT | what-TIME | WHEN | WHICH | YOUR |
https://youtu.be/VvLMrUnSZJ4 [Note -- this is a SAMPLE quiz. If you are taking this as a tuition paying student -- check your syllabus for the link to the graded quiz!]
Sample Quiz Answers:
01. 14 hours
02. 1 dollar
03. (435) 901-2034
05. 11 days
06. 2:19 a.m.
07. 2:37 p.m.
08. 4 days
10. Next week
11. 5 foot 7 inches
14. 15th century
15. 9 dollars
16. 86 feet high
17. ½ lb grapes
19. 16 inches
20. 3 days ago
21. 12 cents
22. (916) 555-4357
23. 7 years old
26. 5 cents
27. 1 ½ lb bananas
28. Next year
32. 2 weeks from now
33. 300 miles
34. 187 pounds
35. 37 dollars
37. 27 feet high
38. 10 dollars
39. 14 seconds
40. 1 cent
41. 28 years old
42. 3 hours
45. fifties (in-his-her-fifties)
46. 5 dollars
49. 13 months
50. 2 months
52. 10 cents
53. Next month
54. 21st century
56. 12 days
57. 27 lbs.
58. 3 a.m.
59. 7 cents
61. 9 weeks ago
62. 8:30 a.m.
63. 2 days ago (day before yesterday)
67. 3 years ago
68. 25 cents [both versions]
69. 1/8th tsp salt
71. 7 minutes
72. 63 cents
73. 6 weeks
76. YOUR TEACHER WEIGH HOW-MUCH?
77. SHOW-me THIS NUMBER 192,743.
78. YOUR MOM, how-OLD?
79. PUT-DOWN THIS PHONE NUMBER (435) 555-2034
80. YOUR GRANDPA BORN 1930's?
81. ONE-MORE PHONE NUMBER (916) 555-4357
82. YOUR BIRTHDAY WHAT MONTH?
83. ONE LB GRAPE SUBTRACT 1/2 LB GRAPE LEAVES HOW-MANY?
84. YOU WAKE-up what-TIME?
85. ONE DOLLAR DIVIDE-by TEN EQUAL WHAT?
86. YOU MOVE-here WHEN?
87. MONEY, $3 PLUS $3.97 EQUAL HOW-MUCH? *[$6.97]
88. YOU GRADUATE WHEN? [Messed up on numbering, did "18" self-corrected to "88"] 11.14
89. TWO-WEEKS SUBTRACT 3-DAY EQUAL WHAT?
90. J-O-A-N-of-A-R-C LIVE WHICH CENTURY? [15th] [1412--1431]
91. TWENTY-FIVE-CENTS SUBTRACT 13-CENTS EQUAL WHAT?
92. FIVE-DOLLAR PLUS FIVE-DOLLAR EQUAL WHAT?
93. THREE TIMES 1/2 LB BANANA EQUAL HOW-MANY?
94. $120 MINUS 98 CENTS EQUAL HOW-MUCH? *[$119.02 ]
95. THIS CLASS MEET HOW OFTEN?
96. EIGHT-CENT SUBTRACT 7-CENT EQUAL HOW-MANY?
97. THANKSGIVING NOVEMBER WHICH WEEK ?
98. 1/4 TSP SALT DIVIDE-by TWO EQUAL WHAT?
99. 2-WEEK-FUTURE SATURDAY YOU #BUSY?
100. EIGHT-MONTH PLUS FIVE-MONTH EQUAL HOW-MANY?
A student writes: "I have a question about the lesson 46 sample quiz on asluniversity.com. #31 is 1930's... but you signed 19 and then shook the 3-hand. I want to assume that means 30's, but you signed 1930's as 1930 with an "s" after it for the lesson, not the shaken 3. If my assumption is correct about the shaken 3 = 30's... then am I also to assume that a shaken 2=20's, 4= 40's and so forth and so on ending at the 9 for the 90's? "
Right! There are two ways to show the "decades" 20's, 30's, 40's etc.
Some folks feel the "shake" method is more "ASL."
Some folks feel the apostrophe "s" method is more English signing.
However both versions show up a lot in the Deaf Community and are worth knowing.
BANANA: Banana has half a dozen right ways to be signed but they all involve a peeling motion or a downward pulling movement -- not a sideways shucking movement as in BEAN. Do not sign BEAN when you mean banana.
BIRTHDAY: It is a mistake to sign BIRTHDAY onto the dominant (right side when you are right handed) upper chest area when you are right-handed. The version of BIRTHDAY that uses the 25-handshape (middle finger jutting forward -- bent at the large knuckle) when signed by right-handed signers moves from the chin to either to the upper-middle of the chest or to the heart-area but not to the right side of the chest. Left-handed signers generally sign this version of BIRTHDAY either to the upper-middle of the chest however it would be fine for a left-hand dominant signer to do the sign somewhat to the right side of the chest. https://youtu.be/eB0lhZn8N9A
DOLLARS-3 ($3): It is a mistake to use an outward twist and end up palm forward when signing $3. Instead, the twist version of $1 through $9 should twist toward your center not toward the outside. https://youtu.be/I6V4qa3Cba8
EQUAL: The sign EQUAL should be signed with bent hands not curved hands. The fingers are generally straight (and only bent at the large knuckles). https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=selNp_zlyEk
FIVE-DOLLARS: When signing $5 do a single smooth twist not a shaking movement and not a double movement.
GRANDPA: Problem: It is a mistake to sign GRANDPA using a flat hand (with the fingers touching each other). Instead you should use a 5-hand with the fingers spread. The sign GRANDPA typically uses a "5"-handshape. https://youtu.be/EWNoykqXHCM Compare and contrast GRANDPA with the sign for FUTURE and/or "someday."
HALF: The second part of the fraction version of the sign HALF should be a sideways V not a mutated H.
HOW-MUCH-[1-handed-version] vs HOW-MANY. The 1-handed sign for HOW-MUCH has a slightly different meaning than HOW-MANY but the two concepts overlap. In general just be aware that the 1-handed HOW-MUCH sign shows up often when asking how much something costs.
HOW-OLD: While a lot of people do sign two separate signs for "how old" there is an advanced version worth knowing. See: https://youtu.be/16cLbQxI2sE Note the double movement. The movement path is short. The eyebrows are furrowed because it is a WH-type question.
Issue: OFTEN should be (typically) be done with two contacts. See: https://youtu.be/4dtwTr_w12I You might see some examples of it done with 3 contacts but that should perhaps be labeled as "frequently." As always there isn't exactly a one-to-one mapping of ASL signs to English words so sometimes we deal in generalities.
Issue: When signing the general form of "subtract" there is no need to have the non-dominant flat hand pointed up instead of the more standard pointed forward. You would only need to have the non-dominant hand pointed up if you had already discussed some sort of list or document and then wanted to discuss something being removed from that specific list or document. https://youtu.be/ddRNmsKoSac
MONTH: Problem: It is a (minor) mistake to sign MONTH with the dominant hand palm down. The dominant hand when signing month is typically palm back.
MONTH: Problem: It is a (minor) mistake to sign MONTH with your dominant and non-dominant hands switched. Unless you have a specific reason you should be consistent in using your dominant hand as the hand that moves in two handed signs in which only one hand moves.
MORE: Compare and contrast MORE vs MEET / MEETING See: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2Q79H7VpOsA
NUMBER: The concept of "story / message / yale / a yarn / an account of" and similar concepts to "story" can be signed a number of ways using anything from the handshape commonly used in the sign AND to the handshape "F" (including open-AND and open-F during the sign). Regardless, none of the many versions of "STORY" make good replacements for the NUMBER sign. Compare the sign for NUMBER versus the sign for STORY / message.
NUMBER: The sign for number should only use two contacts (not three). See NUMBER: https://youtu.be/ClNyMzf07dQ
NUMBER: https://youtu.be/ClNyMzf07dQ One of the versions of story: https://youtu.be/lkIZJwBJli8
Numbering: Use less jab when doing your numbers. Sure, on repeated numbers such as 555 as part of a phone number you are going to need to jab or bounce a bit but the other numbers should be fairly smooth and in place.
Numbering: When signing strings of numbers (such as phone numbers) the palm stays forward (or does the slap / arc movement for repeats of the same digit). The hand stays generally stationary and doesn't travel toward the center. If there is any travel for repeated numbers it is toward the side (not the center). This is different from signing numbers 1 through 5 in isolation. When signed in isolation the default (unmarked / non-emphasized) version of numbers 1 through 5 is palm-back. To learn or review your numbers watch this video: https://youtu.be/CcGIPShq34g If the video seems fast, use the configuration menu to play the video at a slower speed if you need. If you need help getting Youtube to play a video slower, google: How to adjust the speed of YouTube videos.
OLD: Compare how-OLD vs ORANGE and adjust accordingly.
Subtract: Review the sign for "subtract." https://youtu.be/ddRNmsKoSac
Subtract: When signing "subtract" -- the non-dominant hand should be sideways not pointed up.
TEACHER: Avoid any sideways movement when signing teacher. TEACHER is forward and then down into the PERSON / agent sign.
WEIGH: Review the sign for WEIGH. Note the non-dominant hand should be an "H" hand. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Yth8Epy9TpU
What time? When signing "what time?" make sure to furrow your eyebrows. Same with "how-old?" Also for "When?"
What time? Can be signed using one sign (not two) by using a WH-type question facial expression and the sign for TIME. See: https://youtu.be/HTlreCLOAGk
WHAT: It is a mistake to sign WHAT with flat hands (with the fingers together) instead of loose five hands. Compare and contrast WHAT with the flat-hand version of HERE. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2dALbgMQWmk
WH-Facial expression: Problem: Not using WH-facial expression when signing WH-type questions. You need to furrow your eyebrows when signing WH-type questions such as WHEN (unless you are doing the sign rhetorically).
YOUR: It is a problem if you are signing "YOUR" with a "5" hand (that is a palm forward "5" hand with the fingers splayed) instead of a flat hand with the fingers together. The sign for YOUR should be a flat hand with the fingers not spread and the thumb loose but generally upright. Note: Yes, of course, during high speed signing it is not uncommon to see somewhat loose "flat"-handshape (with some gaps between the fingers) show up on the hands of Deaf signing at high speed. However the base form of the sign is a flat hand not a "5"-hand. https://youtu.be/J5cjDBY1QU0