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THIS: The American Sign Language (ASL) sign for "this"
In general, just point at the specific object if it is in the area or point downward using a relatively small, quick movement.
Also see: INDEXING
THIS as in "this morning"
While some people may sign THIS + MORNING to mean "this morning" another approach is use the NOW sign (which means current, at this time, and similar concepts).
A student asks:
What is the difference between THIS and the second version of HERE that points at the ground?
The one-handed version of HERE-[version-2]-[index-finger-handshape] looks and moves very much like the one-handed sign for THIS. Distinctions can include HERE-[version-2] will often tend to use a slight double movement. THIS will often be used to mean IT and point at an object if the object is in the signing space. Also, THIS sometimes will (rarely and not recommended -- but it can) use the non-dominant palm-up flat hand as a base for the dominant index finger.
The above distinctions aside, the two signs are the same.
A student asks:
Is the sign for "this" the same as the letter "Q"? I can't see any difference between the two. Thank you.
That is a great question. The movement of the sign for "THIS" tends to move downward a bit whereas the movement of the letter Q tends to consist of simply moving your hand to the neutral space used for fingerspelling (if your hand isn't already at the neutral fingerspelling location). In fingerspelling there is usually no additional movement of a "Q" however you can circle the Q a bit to indicate that it is being used as an "initial."
The handshape for the sign "THIS" is generally a "1"-handshape but will vary a bit depending on the angle of the wrist.
Many people might not believe that the handshape for "THIS" is somewhat variable. Some people may insist that the handshape is (or should be) always like that of the number 1. In other words they will tell you the (so called) "right" handshape for "THIS" is a typical index-finger pointing handshape (with the index finger straight, and the thumb curved or wrapped over to and touching the middle finger.
However, for those people who are open minded and would like to explore this a bit, when lying on your back (on couch or bed) and you sign "THIS" (pointing physically downward -- not at your feet but at the floor beneath you) the handshape tends to mutate toward being somewhat like a "Q" (or "G") -- not a typical pointing index "index finger." Sometimes the "Q" handshape will occur even when standing up and doing the sign "THIS" fairly close to the body and pointing downward. The handshape is influenced by the tendons in the wrist. To experience this for yourself, form an INDEX finger "1" handshape then bend your wrist forward as far as you can and watch/feel what happens to your thumb.
Another example of the change in the "1"-handshape is when a person signs "ME." We generally think we are using a "1" handshape, but often due to the angle of the wrist, we end up using a version of a "G" handshape."
It seems that a "1"-hand (pointing finger) just naturally tends to turn into a "Q" or "G" handshape when the wrist is bent. The extent to which this happens is influenced by the individual signer's flexibility of tendons and ligaments in the hand and wrist as well as if they are consciously thinking about it.
If you ask a person how to sign ME or THIS -- the person becomes very conscious of what their hand is doing and consciously forms a "1"-handshape with the thumb bent across and touching the middle finger. If you were to video record that person doing those signs at high speed (using a high resolution camera with a high shutter speed, high frame rate, and good lighting) chances are you will see a more relaxed-thumb handshape such as a "G" or "Q" show up.
So, again, an interesting note about the signs HERE-(one-handed-pointing-downward_version), ME, and THIS is that most signers "think" the handshape is a typical "1"-handshape finger but what often happens during casual, high-speed signing is that as the signer bends their wrist to point downward the index finger turns into a downward pointing "G" hand due to the tendons in the wrist pulling on the thumb. Of course this handshape change (or not) varies from person to person depending on the flexibility of their hands.
I recommend you in general aim to use the "1"-handshape for HERE-(one-handed-pointing-downward_version), ME, and THIS but relax and don't worry about it much if you end up doing a "G" or "Q" handed version. If you have a local ASL teacher who corrects you on it -- smile and do your best to do it the way they want until you get the grade you want -- after which, if you feel the need to, consider watching a few of their videos and catching them signing one of those signs when they aren't consciously thinking about their handshapes and sending them a clip of a video of them doing the same thing they criticized you for doing. I'm sure it will endear you to them and they will want to write you letters of recommend for being so astute.
A student writes: "My teacher taught us to use our right index finger and lay our left hand out open and point to the middle for the sign "this"."
We can categorize the 2-handed version of THIS (in which you point at the palm-up palm of the non-dominant hand) as a low-context, non-specific citation version.
In other words, if you don't have anything specific to point at then you can whip out your non-dominant hand and point at it.
Using a low-context, non-specific, citation version of a sign in a high-context circumstance can indicate a lack of signing competence.
In other words, it would be odd to point at your hand to sign THIS if the item, thing, or person to which or whom you are referring can be pointed to in real life.
I'm not at all saying the low-context version of THIS is incorrect. Every skilled signer (particularly ASL teachers and interpreters who earn money for signing) should know and be aware of that version.
The challenge or issue is that often ASL teachers teach a beginner using phraseology such as:
This is "the" sign for ______ (insert concept here)."
A more appropriate phraseology would be:
This is "a" sign for _______ (insert concept here)."
One of the signs for _______ (insert concept here) is [demonstrate or describe the sign here].
Keywords: phoneme, phonemes, phonology, articulation, tendons, ligament, ligaments, physical constraints, ...
Also see: ME
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