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Music and the Deaf: 

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Dear Lifeprint visitors.
I have removed  some of the articles that were previously posted to this page.
Why?  Because it is my goal to be reflective of Deaf Culture throughout this website and some of the previously posted articles were not in keeping with my standards for quality.  I may at some point re-post some of the articles and/or new articles, but for now let me share this bit of information that was sent to me by an associate. (See below.)
-- Dr. Bill

"What Hearing people who work with the Deaf think of music is not what we Deaf think.
We value eyes, hands, motion, and rhythm!
These things are the basic elements of communication, language, and art in Deaf culture.
Voices, instruments, and sound are NOT very important in our culture.
Our world is a rich, visual world!
It is true that many hard of hearing people love music.
Very few people who are "stone Deaf" enjoy music.

-  submitted by a 5th generation native Deaf Adult 


I will provide for you (below) some references to various "music and the Deaf" articles, but I would like to caution you to consider "the source" of any information you read and whether that source is a "Hearing person," a "Hard of Hearing person," or a "d/Deaf person (culturally and physically Deaf person)."
-- Dr. Bill

"D-PAN: Deaf Performing Artists Network - About Us." D-PAN: Deaf Performing Artists Network. 6 Apr. 2009

Lapiak, Jolanta. "Gallaudet Bison Song." American Sign Language - ASL. 4 Apr. 2009

Ell, Kellie. "Deaf Nation Celebrates Life." Oakland Tribune. 2005 Nov 12

Gray, Eileen. "Evelyn Glennie." London Independent. 2007 March 27.

Petit, Bruno. "Music for Deaf Persons." Disability World. No 20 Sep-Oct 2003.

Science Daily. "Brains of Deaf People Re-wire to ’Here’ Music." 2001 Nov 28.

Brown, Kristi, Denney, LeAnne. (1997, April 4). Music Use in Elementary and Middle School Classrooms for the Deaf.  Retrieved April 2009 from

Hash, Philip. (2003, September). Teaching Instrumental Music to Deaf and Hard of Hearing Students. Retrieved April 2009 from

Javin, Val. (2009, January 30). Youngsters Who Love the Challenge of Making Music. Retrieved April 2009 from;col1

Unknown. (2005, October 25). Speaker Helps Deaf to ‘Feel’ Music. Retrieved April 2009 from

Darrow, Alice-Ann. "Teaching Students with Hearing Losses." Winter 2007. Academic Search Premier. Ebsco. California State University, Sacramento Library, Sacramento. 4 Apr. 2009 .

Darrow, Alice-Ann. "The Role of Music in Deaf Culture: Implications for Music Educators." Spring 1993. JSTOR. California State University, Sacrameno Library, Sacramento. 4 Apr. 2009 .

May, Elizabeth. "Music for Deaf Children." Jan. 1961. JSTOR. California State University, Sacramento Library, Sacramento. 5 Apr. 2009 .

Weistein, Karen. (15 December 2002). Big River- The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (adapted from Mark Twain). Retrieved 5 April 2009 from <>.

University Of Washington (2001, November 28). Brains Of Deaf People Rewire To "Hear" Music. Science Daily. Retrieved April 5, 2009, from <<>.

BBC News. (26 October 2005). Speaker allows deaf people to feel music. BBC Retrieved 5 April, 2009 from <>.

4.) - Shawn Dale Barnett

Berke, J. (2007). Deaf and Music. Retrieved November 25, 2008, from

CNN (2005). Speaker Helps Deaf to “Feel” Music. Retrieved November 25, 2008, from

Darrow, A. (2006). The Role of Music in Deaf Culture. Retrieved November 25, 2008,

Deister, K. (2008). Deafness and Music. Retrieved November 25, 2008, from

Kokette, S. (2008). Hearing Students, Sign Language, and Music. Retrieved November
25, 2008, from,%20SIGN%

Spitzer, M. (1984). A Survey of The Use of Music in Schools For The Hearing Impaired.
Retrieved November 25, 2008, from

Gill-Doleac, S. & Hottendorf, D. (2005). Dance techniques for deaf and hear of hearing dancers. Dancer Magazine. 42-45.

Hash, P.M. (2003). Teaching instrumental music to deaf and hard of hearing students. Research and Issues in Music. 1(1).

Looseleaf, V. (2008, Oct.). To their own music; dancers who are deaf—defying the odds. Dance Magazine. Gale, Cengage Learning. Retrieved 21, Nov. 2008:

Bower, Michael. "Ludwig van Beethoven." EUSD - Home Page. 15 Feb. 2002. 04 Apr. 2009 <>.

Glennie, Evelyn. "The Hearing Essay." Dame Evelyn Glennie, Motivational Speaker, Media Composer, Jewellery Designer. 01 Apr. 2009. 04 Apr. 2009 <>.

Vicars, William. (2001, Jan. 4). Nonlinguistic communication. ASL University Library. Lifeprint Institute. Retrieved 12, Feb. 2001: <>.

Whittaker, Paul. "Music and the Deaf." Welcome to Music and the Deaf - Est 1988. 04 Apr. 2009 <>.