In a message dated 10/20/2012 7:28:49 P.M. Pacific Daylight Time, an
Can you explain the difference between nonmanual markers (NMM) and
nonmanual signals (NMS).
A non-manual marker is always a non-manual signal.
But a non-manual signal is not always a nonmanual
If we used a nonmanual signal as an independent sign then we
wouldn't (or at least in my opinion we shouldn't) call it a
. For example, if you ask me a question and I shake my
head "no" then I'm not marking
some other sign, I'm simply
signaling (signing) to you the meaning of "no." In that case, the
nonmanual signal is not a marker, it is a nonmanual "sign."
Consider the sentence "He arrived very recently."
If we sign that sentence in a somewhat English manner: "HE ARRIVE
VERY RECENT" using the initialized form of VERY that looks like
"BIG" done with "V" hands then we are not
sign RECENT with the sign VERY. We are simply using two different
signs to create meaning.
However, if we sign in an ASL fashion, "HE ARRIVE RECENT-(CS)"
wherein the "CS" means "move your cheek and shoulder together" then
we can say that the "CS" (cheek to shoulder movement) is being used
to mark the sign RECENT. By "mark" we mean "change or influence the
meaning of." We changed the meaning from "recent" to instead be
"very recent." Thus the "CS" movement is a nonmanual signal that was
used as a non-manual marker.
If you have other questions on this (or any other) topic, do let me