In a message dated 1/21/2008 5:20:20 A.M. Pacific Standard Time, lwilt@
Hi, Dr. Bill,
I have a question for you – what is the difference between using
the sign for “blame, accuse” to indicate “fault” versus the sign where the
hand drops down from “responsibility”? do either of these signs represent
the concept of ‘having many faults’ (shortcomings)?
Thanks for your help!
"Shortcomings" would not use the sign "FAULT."
The sign "FAULT" generally means "responsibility for something bad."
Shortcomings would be
described with phrases such as:
"HE/SHE PROBLEMS MANY!"
"HE/SHE WEAK MANY!"
"HIS/HER CHARACTER? SO-SO."
Such phrases would be accompanied by non-manual markers (facial
expressions/body language) such as a "scrunched nose."
The "BLAME" sign can mean "accuse," "It is
your/my/his/her/its fault" or "blamed." This sign is directional thus it can
indicate who or what is "at fault" or who is being "accused" as well as who
is doing the accusing.
The FAULT sign is non-directional and
needs a sign such as "YOUR," "MY," or "HIS/HER" to indicate the object. This
sign cannot be used directly to indicate "accusation." You would need to
sign, "SHE INFORM-me your-FAULT" or "SHE TOLD-me YOUR FAULT."
(Also see "RESPONSIBLE")
(Also see "BLAME")
In a message dated 1/21/2008 10:11:12 A.M. Pacific Standard Time, lwilt@
Ok, so besides one being directional and one needing a possessive pronoun
both signs [blame and fault] mean the same thing?
In a message dated 1/21/2008 1:46:28 A.M. Pacific Standard Time,
Dr. Bill writes:
No. Each sign has its own semantic range (a range of meanings). The semantic
ranges of the two signs do overlap, but not completely.
If you look the words up in an English dictionary you will note that the
word "fault" has about twice as many meanings as the word "blame."
The ASL sign FAULT only expresses two or three of the meanings of the word
The meanings of the word "blame" generally contain the concept of "to" as in
"to find fault," "to accuse," "to attribute."
I generally think of the ASL sign "FAULT" as being limited to meaning
"responsibility for some negative occurrence or situation."
The ASL sign BLAME carries a wider semantic range than the ASL sign "FAULT."
- Dr. Bill
In a message dated 10/12/2009 1:38:20 P.M. Pacific Daylight Time,
An additional sign related to the word shortcomings that I have
seen commonly used both in the Pacific Northwest and in New York
State is as follows:
The sign for MATCH is signed slightly higher than usual, and
then a moment after completion, one hand falls off (downward)
giving the idea that the requirements were not met, you fell
short of the qualifications, etc.
Hey, thanks for sharing that! Very cool!
-- Dr. Bill
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