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American Sign Language: "but"


The signs "but" and "different" are basically the same sign. The sign "but" generally uses a "smaller" movement, however, it may be done quite large depending on how excited the signer is.  It is also very common to fingerspell B-U-T when you mean "however."



BUT:




BUT or DIFFERENT:

 



The sign for "but" is (in general) the same as the sign for "different."  However, I suggest that the sign for "different" uses a larger motion (in general) than the sign for "but."

Memory aid: "A small but(t) makes a big difference."  (Forgive me. Couldn't resist.)

The sign below could mean either "but" or "different" depending on the rest of the signs in your sentence:




You can do the sign larger to incorporate the concept of "very."  When doing the sign this large it is obvious that what you mean is "very different" or a "large difference."

very-DIFFERENT:



Animations:
but

different

very different

different: other version


Also see: The "DIFFERENT" page


Notes:
QUESTION:  An ASL Hero asks: "Hey Dr. Bill!!!  I know you usually teach us several versions of a sign. I remember you teaching us a version of "but" being the same sign as "different," and in a video I recently watched you fingerspell B-U-T. Is one version of BUT considered an older version vs the other being more common now?" - [adapted from a Youtube comment]

REPLY:
The concept of "but" can be expressed either by signing "DIFFERENT" or by fingerspelling "B-U-T." 

The spelled version leans toward being used more as a conjunction that is "used to introduce a phrase or clause contrasting with what has already been mentioned. (See: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/but)" and for rhetorical usage.

The "DIFFERENT/but" version seems to lean toward being used as a preposition meaning "except; apart from; other than, (https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/but)."

However to claim a clear distinction in meaning or usage between the two signs would be to ignore real-life usage of the signs BUT and B-U-T in the Deaf Community.

It is perhaps more useful to look at common signing situations in which the concept of "but" is used. For example, consider if your conversation partner were to be stating something and you had a desire to interrupt and add information you might sign HEY (the fluttering up/down wave) -- and since HEY uses one hand and is in a generally open, flat shape already -- it is easy to simply transition into spelling "B-U-T."

If a person is thinking (internal dialog) that they "disagree" with something, and/or they plan on signing something to the effect of "but I disagree" -- the person might be inclined to use the index finger version of the sign BUT due to being influenced by the upcoming sign for DISAGREE which also uses index-finger handshapes. If a person were to be thinking "but that is different" -- the person might also be influenced to efficiently sign "THAT DIFFERENT!" -- (rather than take more time to sign: "B-U-T THAT DIFFERENT!").
 



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